Hakka Dictionary MacIver 1926

[Note: If you encounter problems accessing the dictionary pages in the links below, it is likely down due to mainenance in Taiwan.]

A Chinese-English Dictionary. Hakka Dialect. As spoken in Kwang-Tung Province. Donald MacIver, 1926.

This is an expanded and rearranged edition of the earlier Murdo C. McKenzie dictionary published in 1905. McKenzie’s work had its roots in the Basel Missionary’s dictionary manuscript compiled by “Theodor Hamberg and Rudolf Lecher with the assistance of Tai Wunkong, and later completed by Charles Piton.”[1]

The Min and Hakka Language Archives Project has digitised the dictionary section, comprising of 1142 individual scans. It is made available in their website. By following the links, the reader will arrive at their on-line search engine for this dictionary (and others).

In this webpage, a list of all the syllables and their page numbers will be provided so that the reader can browse the dictionary online with ease. Do note that some syllables have only a minimal entry of one or so meanings in Hakka, or the syllable may have many entries spanning many pages. Sometimes the previous syllable will appear in the next page and that page will be labeled as the following syllable. All pages will be opened in one tab separate from this list of page numbers.

With the front matter ommited, the only thing left to comment on is the tone marking arrangement in this work.

This dictionary records a six tone dialect pertaining to most Hakka dialects, but, the corpus upon which it is based come from the materials gathered by the compiler to the areas in which they had access to. This was mostly southern Hakka between Hong Kong Sin-On dialect and Moiyan dialects [2].

The order of tones for the Fu syllable in the dictionary

夫 fu (no marking) [陰平聲]
乎 fû (circumflex accent mark) [陽平聲]
府 fú (acute accent mark) [上聲]
富 fù (grave accent mark) [去聲]
服 fu̍k (small vertical mark) [陽入聲]
福 fuk (no marking) [陰入聲]

Notes
[1] A Grammar and Lexicon of Hakka. Hilary Chappell and Christine Lamarre. (2005) See p.17.
[2] ibid. See p.13


MacIver Chinese-English Dictioanry

 

Hakka Dialect

A.

a
0001
0002
ai, ak
0003
am
0004
an, ang, ap
0005
0006
at, au
0007

CH. CHH

cha
0008
chha
0009
chak
0010
chhak, cham
0011
chang
0012
chhang
0013
chap, chau (cheu)
0014
0015
chhau (chheu)
0016

che
0017
chhe, chhem, chen
0018
chhen (chhan)
0019
chet (chat), chhet
0020

chi
0021
0022
0023
0024
chhi
0025
0026
0027
0028
chim
0029
chhim
0030
chin
0031
0032
0033
0034
chhin
0035
0036
chip, chit
0037
0038
chhit
0039
chiu (see also under chu)
0040
chhiu (see also under chhu)
0041
0042

chho, choi
0043
chhoi (chhui), chok
0044
chhok, chon
0045
0046
chhon
0047
0048
chong
0049
0050
chhong
0051
0052
0053

chot, chhot, chu
0054
0055
0056
0057
0058
chhu
0059
chui
0060
chhui
0061
chuk
0062
0063
chhuk, chun
0064
chhun
0065
chung
0066
0067
0068
0069
chhung
0070
0071
0072
chut, chhut
0073
0074
0075

E.

e, em,
0076
en, ep, et, eu
0077

F.

fa
0078
0079
0080
0081
fai
0082
fak, fam
0083
fan
0084
0085
0086
0087
0088
fang, fap
0089
fat
0090
0091
0092

fe, fen, fet
0093

feu, fi, fin
0094

fit, fo
0095
0096
0097
0098
foi, fok, fon
0099
fong
0100
0101
0102
0103
0104

fu
0105
0106
0107
0108
0109
0110
0111
0112
0113
0114
fui (fi)
0115
0116
0117
0118
0119
0120
fuk
0121
0122
fun
0123
0124
0125
0126
0127
fung
0128
0129
0130
0131
0132
0133
fut
0134
0135

H.

ha
0136
0137
0138
hai
0139
hak
0140
ham
0141
0142
0143
han
0144
hang
0145
0146
0147
148
0148
hat
0149
hau
0150
0151
0152
0153
0154

he
0155
hem, hen
0156
hep, het
0157
heu
0158
0159
0160

hi
0161
0162
0163
0164
0165
0166

hia
0167
hiak, hiam, hiap
0168
hiau
0169

hien
0170
0171
0172
hiet
0173
0174

him, hin
0175

hio, hiok, hiong
0176
0177
0178

hip, hit, hiu
0179

hiuk
0180
hiun
0181
hiung
0182

ho
0183
0184
hoi
0185
0186
hok
0187
0188
hon
0189
0190
hong
0191
hot
0192

I. K.

i, ka
0193
0194
0195
0196
0197
0198
kha, kai
0199
0200
0201
0202
0203
0204
khai, kak
0205
0206
khak, kam
0207
0208
0209
kham
0210
0211
kan
0212
0213
khan
0214
kang
0215
khang, kap
0216
khap
0217
kat, khat
0218
kau
0219
0220
0221
0222
0223
0224
0225
0226
khau
0227

ke
0228
khe
0229
kem, khem, ken
0230
0231
0232
0233
khen
0234
0235
0236
0237
kep
0238
khep, ket (kiet)
0239
0240
0241
khet (khiet)
0242
0243
0244
keu
0245
0246
0247
kheu
0248
0249
0250

ki
0251
0252
0253
0254
0255
0256
0257
0258
khi
0259
0260
0261
0262
0263
0264
0265

kia
0266
khia, kiak, khiak
0267
kiam
0268
khiam
0269
0270
kiang
0271
khiang
0272
kiap
0273
khiap
0274
kiau
0275
0276
khiau
0277

kim
0278
0279
0280
khim
0281
khim
0282
0283
0284
0285
khin
0286

kio, khio
0287
kiok
0288
khiok
0289
kiong
0290
khiong
0291

kip
0292
khip, kit
0293
0294
khit, kiu
0295
0296
0297

khiu
0298
0299
0300
kiuk, khiuk
0301
kiun
0302
0303
0304
khiun
0305
kiung
0306
0307
khiung
0308
0309

khiut, ko
0310
kho
0311
0312
koi
0313
0314
khoi
0315
0316
0317
kok
0318
0319
khok
0320
kon
0321
0322
0323
khon
0324
kong
0325
0326
0327
0328
0329
khong
0330
kot
0331

khot, ku
0332
0333
0334
0335
khu
0336
kung
0337
0338
0339
khung
0340
0341

kwa
0342
0343
khwa,kwai
0344
khwai
0345
kwak, khwak, kwan (kwon, kon)
0346
0347
khwan (khwon), kwang
0348
khwang, kwat
0349

khwat, kwe, khwe (khoi, khoi, khioi), kwen, khwen, kwet
0350

kwo (ko)
0351
0352
0353
0354
kwoi (koi), kwok (kok), khwok, kwon (kwan)
0355
0356
0357
0358
khwon, kwong
0359
0360

khwong, kwui
0361
0362
0363
0364
khwui
0365
0366
kwuk
0367
khwuk, kwun
0368
khwun
0369
kwut
0370
khwut (fut, khiut)
0371

L.

la
0372
lai
0373
0374
lak, lam
0375
lan
0376
0377
lang
0378
0379
lap
0380
lat
0381
lau
0382
0383
0384
0385

le
0386
lem, len (lien), lep, let
0387
leu
0388

li
0389
0390
0391
0392
0393
0394
lia, liak, liam
0395
lian (lien.), liang
0396
liap
0397
liau
0398
0399

lien., lien(lien)
0400
0401
0402
liet (let), lim
0403
0404

lin
0405
0406

liok
0407
Liong
0408
0409
0410
lip
0411
lit
0412
0413

liu
0414
0415
0416
liuk
0417
liung
0418

lo
0419
0420
loi
0421
lok
0422
0423
0424
lon
0425
long
0426

lot, lu
0427
0428
0429
0430
lui
0431
0432
luk
0433
lun
0434
0435
lung
0436
0437
lut
0438

M.

m
0439
0440
0441
0442
0443
0444
ma
0445
0446
0447
mai
0448
mak
0449
0450
man
0451
0452
mang
0453
0454
mat
0455
mau
0456
0457
0458
0459
0460
0461
0462

me, men
0463
0464
met (mit)
0465
0466
0467
meu (miau)
0468

mi
0469
0470
mia
0471
miang
0472
miau (meu)
0473
0474
mien
0475
0476
min
0477
0478
miong
0479

mit (met), mo
0480
moi
0481
0482
mok
0483
mong
0484
0485

mu
0486
mui (mi)
0487
0488
muk
0489
0490
0491
mun
0492
0493
mung
0494
mut
0495

N. (part 1)

na, nai (ne)
0496
0497
nak
0498
nam
0499
nan
0500
nang, nap
0501
nat, nau
0502

ne, nem, nen
0503
0504
nep, net, neu
0505

Ng.

ng
0506
0507
0508
0509
nga
0510
0511
ngai
0512
ngam
0513
ngan
0514
0515
ngang
0516
ngap, ngat, ngau
0517
0518

ngo
0519
ngoi
0520
0521
ngok, ngong
0522

ngu, ngui
0523

N. (part 2)

ngut, ni
0524
0525
nim, nin, nip, nit (net), niu
0526
no, noi, nok, non
0527

nong, nu
0528
nui
0529
nuk, nun, nung
0530

Ny.

nut, nya
0531
nyak
0532
nyam
0533
0534
0535
nyang, nyap
0536
0537
nyau
0538

nye, nyem, nyen,
0539
0540
0541
0542
nyet
0543
0544
0545

nyeu, nyi
0546
0547
0548
0549
0550
0551
nyim
0552
nyin
0553
0554
0555
0556
0557
nyip
0558
0559
nyit
0560

nyo, nyoi (nge), nyok
0561
nyon
0562
nyong
0563

nyu
0564
0565
0566
nyuk
0567
nyun
0568
0569

O.

nyung, o
0570
oi
0571
0572
ok, on
0573
0574
ong, ot
0575

P.

pa
0576
pha
0577
0578
pai
0579
phai
0580
0581
0582
pak
0583
0584
phak
0585
0586
0587
pan
0588
0589
0590
phan
0591
0592
pang
0593
phang
0594
pat
0595
phat
0596
pau
0597
0598
0599
0600
phau
0601
0602

pe, pen
0603
phen, pet
0604

phet, pi
0605
0606
0607
0608
phi
0609
0610
0611
0612
pia, phia, piak, phiak, piang
0613
phiang
0614
piau
0615
phiau
0616
0617
pien (pen)
0618
0619
phien
0620
0621
piet (pet), phiet (phet)
0622
pin
0623
0624
phin
0625
0626
0627
0628
phiok, piong
0629
phiong, pit
0630
phit
0631
0632

po
0633
pho
0634
poi
0635
phoi
0636
pok
0637
phok
0638
0639
pong
0640
phong
0641
pot
0642

pu
0643
0644
phu
0645
0646
0647
pui (pi)
0648
phui (phi)
0649
0650
puk, phuk
0651
pun
0652
0653
phun
0654
pung, phung
0655
put
0656
0657
0658
0659

S. (part 1)

phut, sa
0660
0661
sai
0662
0663
sak, sam
0664
0665
0666
san
0667
0668
0669
sang
0670
0671
0672
sap
0673
sat
0674
sau
0675
se
0676
0677
sem, sen
0678
0679
sep, set
0680
seu
0681

Sh.

sha
0682
0683
shak
0684
0685
sham
0686
sang
0687
shap
0688
shau
0689

she
0690
shen
0691
0692
shet
0693

shi
0694
0695
0696
0697
0698
shim
0699
shin
0700
0701
0702
0703
0704
0705
ship
0706
shit
0707
0708
0709
0710
0711
0712
shiu (shu)
0713
0714
0715
0716
0717

shoi
0718
shok, shon
0719
shong
0720
0721
0722
0723
0724
0725

shot, shu
0726
0727
0728
0729
shui
0730
0731
0732
0733
shuk
0734
shun
0735
0736

S. (part 2)

shut (sut), si
0737
0738
0739
0740
0741

sia
0742
siak
0743
siam, siang
0744
siap, siau
0745
0746
0747
0748

sien
0749
0750
0751
0752
siet (set)
0753
sim
0754
0755
sin
0756
0757
0758
sio
0759
siong
0760
0761
0762
0763
sip
0764
sit
0765
0766
siu
0767
siuk
0768
siung
0769

so
0770
soi
0771
sok
0772
son
0773
song
0774

sot, sui
0775
0776
suk
0777
sun
0778
0779
sung
0780
0781
sut (shut)
0782
su
0783
0784
0785
0786
0787
0788
0789

T. (part 1)

ta
0790
0791
0792
0793
0794
0795
0796
0797
tha, tai
0798
thai
0799
0800
0801
0802
0803
0804
0805
0806
tak
0807
thak, tam
0808
0809
tham
0810
0811
0812
tan
0813
than
0814
0815
tang (ten)
0816
thang (then)
0817
tap
0818
0819
thap
0820
tat
0821
that, tau
0822
0823
thau
0824
0825
0826

te, tem
0827
ten
0828
0829
0830
then
0831
tep, thep, tet
0832
thet
0833
teu
0834
theu
0835
0836
0837
0838
0839

ti
0840
0841
0842
thi
0843
0844
0845
0846
tia, tiak, thiak
0847
tiam
0848
thiam
0849
tiang, thiang
0850
tiap, thiap
0851
tiau
0852
0853
thiau
0854
0855
0856
tien (ten)
0857
thien
0858
0859
0860
0861
0862
0863
0864
0865
thiet (thet)
0866
0867
tin
0868
thin
0869
0870
tip
0871
tit, thit
0872
0873

tiu, thiu, to
0874
0875
tho
0876
0877
toi (tui)
0878
thoi
0879
0880
0881
tok, thok
0882
ton
0883
thon
0884
0885
tong
0886
0887
thong
0888
0889
0890
tot
0891
thot
0892

Ts.

tsa
0893
0894
tsha
0895
0896
0897
tsai
0898
tshai
0899
0900
0901
0902
tsak
0903
tshak (tshet)
0904
tsam, tsham
0905
0906
0907
tsan
0908
tshan
0909
0910
tsang (tsen)
0911
tshang
0912
tsap
0913
tshap
0914
tsat
0915
tshat, tsau
0916
0917
0918
tshau
0919
0920
0921
0922

tse, tshe
0923
tsem, tshem, tsen
0924
0925
tshen, tsep
0926
tshep, tset (tsiet), tshet
0927
0928
tseu
0929
tsheu
0930

tsi
0931
0932
tshi
0933
0934
0935
tsia
0936
0937
tshia
0938
tsiak, tshiak, tsiam
0939
tshiam
0940

0941
tsiang
0942
tshiang
0943
0944
tsiap
0945
tshiap
0946
tsiau
0947
tshiau
0948

tsien (tsen)
0949
0950
tshien (tshen)
0951
0952
0953
0954
0955
tsiet (tset)
0956
tshiet (tshet)
0957

tsim
0958
tshim
0959
tsin
0960
0961
0962
tshin
0963
0964
0965

tsio, tshio, tshioi, tsiok
0966
tshiok, tshion, tsiong
0967
0968
tshiong
0969

tsip, tship, tsit
0970
0971
tshit
0972
0973

tsiu
0974
tshiu
0975
0976
tsiuk, tshiuk
0977
tsiung, tshiung
0978
0979

tso
0980
0981
0982
0983
tsho
0984
0985
tsoi, tshoi
0986
0987
tsok
0988
0989
0990
tshok
0991
tson, tshon
0992
tsong
0993
tshong
0994
0995
tsot
0996

tshot, tsui
0997
tshui
0998
tsuk, tshuk
0999
tsun
1000
1001
tshun
1002
tsung
1003
1004
tshung
1005
tsut
1006

tshut, tsu..
1007
1008
1009
1010
tshhu..
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016

T. (part 2)

tu
1017
1018
thu
1019
1020
tui
1021
1022
thui
1023
tuk
1024
thuk
1025
1026
tun
1027
thun
1028
tung
1029
1030
thung
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
tut, thut
1038

V.

va
1039
vai, vak
1040
van
1041
1042
1043
vang
1044

vat, ve
1045

ven, vet, vi, vin, vit, vo
1046
1047
voi
1048
vok
1049
von, vong
1050
1051
1052
1053

vu
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
vui
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
vuk
1064
vun
1065
1066
1067
vung, vut
1068

Y.

ya
1069
1070
1071
yak (yit), yam
1072
1073
1074
yang
1075
yap
1076
yau
1077
1078
1079

ye, yen (yan)
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085

yet (yat), yi
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
yim
1098
1099
yin
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
yip, yit
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117

yo, yoi, yok
1118
1119
yong
1120
1121
1122
1123

yu (yiu)
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
yui, yuk
1135
yun
1136
1137
1138
yung
1139
1140
1141
yut
1142

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4 Responses to Hakka Dictionary MacIver 1926

  1. Pingback: References and Bibliography | daylightstar

  2. Pingback: Hakka-French Dictionary – Charles Rey, Online | daylightstar

  3. Pakorn Chan says:

    Excellent Hakka reference. Thanks so much.

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